Welcome to Florida Chemical Company, Inc. Florida Chemical Company, Inc.
Pioneers in citrus oil applications...since 1942.
d-limonene, dlimonene, orange terpenes, citrus terpenes, orange oil, all natural solvent, biodegradable solvent, grapefruit terpenes

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Chemical Constants

d-Limonene from Florida Chemical Company, Inc. is a very effective, biodegradable solvent and degreaser, ocurring in nature as the main component of citrus peel oil. Due to its high solvency, attractive citrus odor, versatility, and GRAS rating ("Generally Recognized As Safe") from the US FDA, d-Limonene can be used safely and effectively in a wide range of products and applications.

This information is offered only as a guide.
Please contact Florida Chemical Company, Inc. for formulation assistance.

Acid Number 0.40
Aldehyde Content 0.37% to 1.50%
Auto-ignition Temperature Unknown
Boiling Point 349° F (176°C)
Coefficient of Expansion 0.761 mL/L/°C

0.425 mL/L/°F

158.2 mL/drum/°C, 88.3mL/drum/°F
Color Colorless
Copper Strip Number 0
Cubical Expansion Coefficient 0.00023 mL/L @ temp. change of 2.88°F or 1.6°C
Dielectric Constant 2.3
Dielectric Strength 48,000 volts/cm
Entropy, Temperature Coefficient of 0.2032 at 20.2°C (ds/dt) ρ
Ester Content 0.07% to 2.46%
Evaporation Residue 0.03% to 0.80%
Flash Point (TCC) 123°F (50°C)
Freezing Point -142°F (-96.7°C)
Hanus Iodine Number 79.1
Heat Capacity 0.438 cal/g/°C
Heat of Combustion 1.473.9 kcal/mol @ 77°F (25°C)
19,470 BTU/lb @ 68°F (20°C)
45 kJ/g
Heat of Formation -13 kcal/mol at 25°CLange 1985
Heat of Vaporization ΔvH= 10,508.4 cal/mol
Heat Transfer Coefficient 11.52 BTU/h ⋅ ft2 ⋅ °F
Kauri-Butanol Number 67
Liquid Density 0.844 g/mL @ 68°F (20°C)
Melting Point -74.35° C
Molecular Formula C10H16
Molecular Weight 136.23 g/mol
Odor Clean citrus odor
Optical Rotation +96° to +104°
Peroxide Value Not more than 2.0
Purity 94% to 95% (varies by grade)
Refractive Index 1.4710 to 1.4740
Saponification Number 1.50
Specific Gravity at 20° C 0.84 - 0.85
Specific Gravity at 25° C 0.838 to 0.843
Specific Heat 0.49 BTU/lb @ 80°F (26.7°C)
[59.62 cal ⋅ g/mol @ 68.4°F (20.2°C)]
Thermal Conductivity 0.17482-0.0001873T
T is in Kelvin, and units are Joules/second ⋅ meter ⋅ Kelvin
Vapor Density 0.015 g/L @ 68°F (20°C)
Vapor Pressure 1 mmHg - 14°C (57°F)
2 mmHg - 20°C (68°F)
10 mmHg - 54°C (129°F)
40 mmHg - 84°C (183°F)
100 mmHg - 108°C (226°F)
400 mmHg - 151°C (304°F)
760 mmHg - 178°C (352°F)
Viscosity at 25° C 0.9 cP
VOC Content 95%, 850 g/L

A Note about pH measurement and d-Limonene
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Florida Chemical Company, Inc. | 351 Winter Haven Blvd. NE, Winter Haven, FL USA 33881 | Tel: 863-294-8483 | Fax: 863-294-7783 | Email: info@floridachemical.com

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